where do african elephants live

where do african elephants live
November 1, 2020

Several elephants are living within the Namib and Sahara deserts. The government of Tanzania estimated that more than 85,000 elephants were lost to poaching in Tanzania between 2009 and 2014, representing a 60% loss. We work in east Africa and across Asia to protect and manage elephant habitat and create safe ‘wildlife corridors’ so elephants can migrate safely. The continent’s northernmost elephants are found in Sahel area of Mali. They are amongst the world's most intelligent species. [67], China was the biggest market for poached ivory but announced that it would phase out the legal domestic manufacture and sale of ivory products in May 2015, and in September of that year, China and the U.S.A. "said they would enact a nearly complete ban on the import and export of ivory. If you want to read similar articles to Where Do Elephants Live?, we recommend you visit our Facts about the animal kingdom category. Most elephants in Africa live in game parks and national parks where they are well protected, especially against poaching, in order to help increase their dwindling population. [79] Many societies believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants. When considering about where do African elephants live usually they exist throughout the continent of Africa. During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu, near the Niger Delta, buried their leaders with elephant tusks.[80]. [31] For a while, both African elephant species were considered one … [7] Later authors considered it to be a subspecies. They are African elephants (Loxodonta Africana) and Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). But the late 90s the population were reduced to half of the previous state. "[82] Their flag depicted an elephant wearing a royal crown. They are likely to survive where they can find plenty of food and water. [47][49], African elephants are at their most fertile between the ages of 25 and 45. [59] Indian elephants mainly live in 11 countries including Indonesia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietinam, the Malay Peninsula and India. African forest elephants occur only in Central Africa. [64], Conflicts between elephants and a growing human population are a major issue in elephant conservation. They live in humid regions of forest and jungle. [74], In 2019, the export of wild African elephants to zoos around the world was banned, with an exception added by the EU to allow export in "exceptional cases where … it is considered that a transfer to ex-situ locations will provide demonstrable in-situ conservation benefits for African elephants". The name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of their molar teeth. There are two species of elephants that live in Africa. Not like Asian elephants, African elephants live heavy copse, grasslands and deserts of the African continent. Where do African elephants live (ancestors). The second species – the African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyaclotis) - lives in the dense tropical rainforests and mountains. Moreover, African elephants are native to 37 African countries, mainly in the south of the Sahara Desert. [61] However, females are not guarded in the early and late stages of estrus, which may permit mating by younger males not in musth. [22] Tusks are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark from trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators. This database includes results from aerial surveys, dung counts, interviews with local people and data on poaching. This species has been dubbed with its ‘‘elephant’’ name, due to its appearance. They are given generous amounts of food and room to roam. 287). However, during their breeding season, they prefer to relocate to coasts, where they are able to mate and care for the young. Find out Everything about this Hybrid, What Does It Mean When a Cat Shows Up at My Door, The 10 Most Solitary Animals in the World, Examples of Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animals, Where Do Kiwis Live? African forest elephant population and their habitat destroy due to human activities like forest clearing as well as hunting. [61], When the international ivory trade reopened in 2006, the demand and price for ivory increased in Asia. [4] [13], Gene flow between the two African elephant species was examined at 21 locations. The second species – the African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyaclotis) - lives in the dense tropical rainforests and mountains. They have grey skin and differ in the size of their ears and tusks, and in the shape and size of their skulls. This highly sensitive organ is innervated primarily by the trigeminal nerve, and thought to be manipulated by about 40–60,000 muscles. While there are sanctuaries created to protect these mammals, the lack of conscience when it comes to their general safety by others holds responsibility for the reduction in their numbers. African elephants have 24 teeth in total, six on each quadrant of the jaw. Males sire few offspring in periods when they are not in musth. Much of the terrain that elephants inhabited has been used for human settlement reducing the amount of land available for the animals. The Indian elephant is native to the mainland regions of Asia with a total population of at least 24,000 individuals. Due to its large size, elephant seals have few predators, but at times, female and babies fall victims to sharks. However, conservative estimates were that 23,000 African elephants were killed by poachers in 2013[61] and less than 20% of the African elephant range was under formal protection. South Africa, uses elephant tusks in their coat of arms to represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. Fossil remains of Loxodonta species have been excavated in Africa, dating to the Middle Pliocene. After puberty, male elephants tend to form close alliances with other males. Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for the African elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1824. [72], The African Elephant Specialist Group has set up a Human-Elephant Conflict Task Force with the aim to develop conflict mitigation strategies. Several organizations such as Save the Elephants and the International Fund for Animal Welfare work to reduce the risk facing the elephants. The African forest elephant, which is the smallest living species of elephant, reside mainly in forests. In Rwanda, they are … The elephant’s main prehistoric ancestor was the giant mammoth. [78] The animal's religious importance is mostly totemic. Learn a little more about these magnificent mammals, their distribution, what they feed on and the main reasons which are driving them towards extinction. Many people are often confused as to how such a large animal can be in danger of extinction. This species mainly lives in marshes, grasslands, savannas, swamps and alongside lakes. Not like Asian elephants, African elephants live heavy copse, grasslands and deserts of the African continent. [28], The African forest elephant is smaller with male shoulder heights of up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). Both species are listed as Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List since 2004, and are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. The gestation period of an elephant is 22 months and fertile females usually give birth every 3–6 years, so if they live to around 50 years of age, they may produce 7 offspring. When talking about their population it is higher than Asian elephants but they also named as endangered species on earth. Males over the age of 25 compete strongly for females in estrus, and are more successful the larger and more aggressive they are. In Chad's Zakouma National Park, more than 3,200 elephants were killed between 2005 and 2010. Botswana has more African bush elephants than any other nation with a population of 118,736 elephants. African elephants are the largest mammals that live on land. Sea elephants feed on fish, crustaceans and other types of sea animals, such as: squid, sharks and rays. Both are herbivores and live in groups. Elephants need a lot of land to find enough food and water. Hunting elephants is banned in the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Côte d'Ivoire, and Senegal. "Age, musth, and paternity success in wild male African elephants, "The exploitation of elephants for the ivory trade: an historical perspective", "How many elephants are killed for the ivory trade? Elephants – fairly calm and friendly animals, fights and quarrels between elephants – a rare phenomenon. This allows the elephants to take advantage of the food that grows in various areas. Since elephants are naturally driven to live and move on their own, forcing elephants to live in small cages and chaining them up causes a great deal of stress. Is it Legal to Own a Wolf-Dog? [39] The large size and hindgut of the African elephant also allows for digestion of various plant parts, including fibrous stems, bark and roots. [55] Wild males begin breeding in their thirties when they are at a size and weight that is competitive with other adult males. The elephant’s high level of intelligence has helped them survive in the wild for so long. The enamel plates of the molars are fewer in number than in Asian elephants. Terrestrial elephants, such as the African and Asian elephant, are herbivores. (Hollister-Smith, et al. Guezo and Glele ruled from 1818 to 1858 and from 1858 to 1889, respectively, Vira, Varun and Ewing, Thomas (April 2014), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, West African Elephant Memorandum of Understanding, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, "Analytical Notices of Books. They live in herds consisting of related females and their calves. And according to the fossil of Loxodonta exoptata, they are the ancestor of Loxodonta atlantica. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. "Living African elephants belong to two species: "Genetic Evidence for Two Species of Elephant in Africa", "Proboscidean Mitogenomics: Chronology and Mode of Elephant Evolution Using Mastodon as Outgroup", "Genomic DNA sequences from mastodon and woolly mammoth reveal deep speciation of forest and savanna elephants", "Reconciling Apparent Conflicts between Mitochondrial and Nuclear Phylogenies in African Elephants", "The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant", "Four new species of Elephantidae from the Plio-Pleistocene of northwestern Kenya", "Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species", "Palaeogenomes of Eurasian straight-tusked elephants challenge the current view of elephant evolution", "General information on elephants with emphasis on tusks", "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans", "Forest elephant videos, photos and facts – Loxodonta cyclotis", "Secrets of male elephant society revealed in the wild", "The maximum attainable body size of herbivorous mammals: morphophysiological constraints on foregut, and adaptations of hindgut fermenters", "Selective feeding by a megaherbivore, the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana )", "Phylogenomic analyses reveal convergent patterns of adaptive evolution in elephant and human ancestries", "Elephants know when they need assistance in a cooperative task", "In Africa, Decoding the 'Language' of Elephants", "Elephants Outwit Humans During Intelligence Test". Additionally, Sumatran elephants are only found in Sumatra and they mainly live in forests. Due to this destruction, we (humans) force elephants to migrate un-instinctively. Forest elephants mainly live in equatorial forests but will enter gallery forests … Another special feature of this creature is their ears are like African continent.

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